Gum Disease: Common Symptoms and How It Is Treated

posted in: Periodontics | 0

Gum disease, or known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the tissues that surround and support the teeth. Gum disease has two stages—gingivitis and periodontitis.

Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease that typically causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. People with gingivitis usually experience little or no discomfort at all. With proper treatment and good oral hygiene, this disease can be reversed.

check-up for gum

Periodontitis, on the other hand, is a result of untreated gingivitis. Eventually, plaque can spread and develop below the gum line, causing the tissues and bones that support the teeth to break down and be destroyed. As the disease progresses, gums may separate from the teeth and later on, will cause the teeth to become loose and may need to be extracted.

Gingivitis and periodontitis, if left untreated, may increase the risk of a person to certain diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, pneumonia, osteoporosis, and more. Detecting gum disease as early as possible is necessary to prevent these things from happening.

What are the common symptoms of gum disease?

Gum disease may progress painlessly and may exhibit less visible signs, even in its late stages. Symptoms of gum disease may include:

  • Gums that easily bleed, especially during and after brushing the teeth
  • Red, swollen, tender gums
  • Receding gums
  • Chronic bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
  • Formation of deep pockets between the teeth and gums
  • Loosening or shifting of the teeth
  • Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting down, or in the fit of partial dentures

Gum disease can sometimes show no symptoms. In some people, gum disease affects only certain teeth, such as molars. Dentists and periodontists are the only people who can recognize and determine the progression of gum disease.

How is gum disease treated?

The objective of gum disease treatment is to aid in the reattachment of healthy gums to teeth. Undergoing gum disease treatment can also reduce swelling and stop it from spreading and causing further damage. Treatment for gum disease depends on its severity, how patients have responded to earlier treatments, and their overall health. At Magnolia Dental, we offer scaling and root planing to patients suffering from gum disease. This treatment helps remove plaque and tartar, which is the leading cause of gum disease, both above and below the gumline. Once scaling is complete, the dentist will smoothen the tooth roots to prevent bacteria from growing further and minimize the risk of developing gum disease.


If you experience early signs of periodontal disease, like the sudden bleeding of gums, bad breath, or loose teeth, contact our dental office at Magnolia Dental for Gum Disease Treatment in San Luis Obispo, CA. We are located at 1042 Pacific St., Suite B, San Luis Obispo, CA 93401.